One of the first written evidences about the places where
the Ust-Kamenogorsk Fortress was later built left by boyar Fyedor Baykov.
1714 – Peter I knew from Siberian governor
M. Gagarin about the fact that there was “sandy gold” in the abundance
on the Irket River.
1715, July – I. Buhgolz with his detachment sailed from
Tobolsk up the Irtysh river. Soon the Yamishevskay fortress was laid.
In 1719 – Peter I sends a new detachment in the search
of Yarkenda gold, and also for the abuse investigation of Siberian governor
In May, 1720 – I.M. Likharev’s expedition directed up
the Irtysh river to Zaysan Lake. There, at the confluence of the Ulba
and the Irtysh rivers the new fortress was laid – the Ust-Kamenogorskaya
Fortress. The Ust-Kamenogorskaya Fortress appeared on the map of the Russian
Empire, the very southern end of the Irtysh line.
1882-1885 – Construction of the Blessed
Virgin Protection Church. The temple was typical for the Russian provincial
1902 – one-storey building for the Mariinsk
female school was built. Students of the educational curses were taught
on funds of the Public care of popular schooling.
In 1912 – “Echo” cinematograph was built, later known
as “Octyabr” cinema.
October-November, 1917 – the Bolshevik Organization was
established in Ust-Kamenogorsk. Bolsheviks set up their Sovdep in contrast
to the esero-menshevik council of workers and soldier's deputies established
in March of 1917. The head of the Sovdep was Yakov Vasilyevich Ushanov,
twenty-four-year front-line soldier.
14 March of 1918 – the power in Ust-Kamenogorsk came
to Bolsheviks’ Sovdep.
1918 – Publication of the newspaper “Ust-Kamenogorsk’s
Summer, 1919 – an insurrection stirred up in the Ust-Kamenogorsk
Prison, where kolchakovs’ put into prison political red prisoners. Only
N. Timofeyev and S. Goncharenko stayed alive.
Autumn, 1919 – cooperation of the local partisans’ detachments.
The First Altai Regiment of red rock eagles was formed. Communist Nikita
Ivanovich Timofeyev was elected the commander.
By the beginning of 1920 – the Soviet
Authority was established on the territory of Rudny Altai.
4 April of 1920 – the group of youth gathered in the
building of the Public House. That was the first organizational council
of members of the Komsomol of Ust-Kamenogorsk.
1924 - The first telephone line was installed in Ust-Kamenogorsk,
it spread from people's commissariat radio station service to the Town
1925 – The first receiving set of the type B-4 was set.
1930, October – organization of the Town
Phone Station on base of the phone equipment delivered from Semipalatinsk.
That equipment consisted of the switchboard and 20 phone equipments.
In 1931 – building of the Rubzovka-Ridder railroad. In
1938 that railroad connected Rudny Altai with the Trans-Siberian and the
Middle Asian Railways.
1934 – Sergey Kirov came in the Republic for help in
the organization of the harvest. He was 3 days in the East Kazakhstan,
visited a lot of villages. After his death the Main Street was renamed
in the Kirov Street. The old two-storey building is considered to be a
historic monument, former it was Oblispolkom on the balcony of which S.M.
1935 – The beginning of regular air contact of the town
with oblast districts. Although, the passengers weren’t transported in
the appropriate way.
1936 – The Protection cathedral was destroyed due to
the atheistic cult. Fire bystreet renamed in Maxim Gorky Street.
1939 – The city of Ust-Kamenogorsk becomes the oblast
center of the East Kazakhstan Region
1939 – Construction of Hydroelectric Power Station in
Winter, 1940 – Building of the road “East
Circuit”. That section of the Eastern Kazakhstan circuit with extension
of 300 km. was finished before the appointed time for 42 days. Gravel
road connected industrial and agricultural districts of the Eastern Kazakhstan
with regional center.
8 May of 1941 - Building of the second section of the
roads. The war prevented to finish the building at a stated time. However,
the building went on and was finished in the first years of the War.
1942 – Construction of the zinc electrolyte plant
1947, September – Zinc plant produced the first metal
October, 1949 – Ulba Metallurgical Plant produced its
1950 – Developing of the metal cadmium
1950 – Altai Branch of the State Research institution
of non-ferrous metals “Ginzvetmet” – “Altaiginzvetmet” was established,
and in July of 1955 it was transformed into the All-Union Research Mining
and Smelting Institute of non-ferrous metals – VNIIzvetmet.
1951 - Town pioneer house of Ust-Kamenogorsk was reorganized
into regional pioneer house.
1951 – Zinc Plant of Ust-Kamenogorsk was transformed
into Lead-Zinc Plant.
1952, June – Lead Plant was among operating plants.
20 December of 1952 - Hydroelectric Power Station produced
industrial current for the first time. Hydroelectric Power Station was
low-powered. Now there are many Hydroelectric Power Stations. That Hydroelectric
Power Station was the first one in Altai. Irtysh Power Stations base on
this very Hydroelectric Power Station.
3 June of 1953 – single-lift lock of the Ust-Kamenogorsk
Hydroelectric Power Station was commissioned, the first locking took place.
In July – building of the Condenser Plant
1954, January – putting into operation of the Railway
1955, June – putting into operation the new Zinc Plant.
Implementation of up-to-date process flowsheet, which allowed the metal
production according to world standards. At the same time there was an
implementation of progressive methods of non-ferrous and rear metals production.
19 June, 1956 – the first pilot-scale production of sofas
and expandable tables at the Ust-Kamenogorsk Furniture Plant.
30 April of 1957 – the Cultural Palace of Metallurgists
was opened in Ust-Kamenogorsk.
15 March, 1958 - Ust-Kamenogorsk’s TV centre broadcasting
for the first time, in several days broadcasting on the constant level.
1958, October – Opening of Ust-Kamenogorsk Constructing-and-Road
6 November of 1958 – Setting a monument to V.I. Lenin
on the Square
1958 – The first steel melting at Vostokmashzavod
1959, April – the first production at the Condenser Plant
– 62 condensers
In the end of 1959 – construction of the Service House.
19 April, 1960 – filling up the Buhtorma
16 October, 1961 – the first production at Ust-Kamenogorsk
11 August, 1962 – Ust-Kamenogorsk Central Culture House
10 October, 1962 – the first production at the development
shop of Ust-Kamenogorsk Titanic-Magnesium under construction plant – tetrachloride
3 March, 1963 – titanic sponge production at Ust-Kamenogorsk
27 March, 1965 – putting into operation of Ust-Kamenogorsk
Titanic-Magnesium plant that had been built from 1958.
12 October, 1965 – for the first time air liner AH-24
landed at Ust-Kamenogorsk Airport, direct air flights between Ust-Kamenogorsk
1965, 6 November – opening of the wide-frame cinema “Yubileiniy”.
1968, January – Haydite Plant construction in Ust-Kamenogorsk
1969, 22 March – opening of Sport Palace in Ust-Kamenogorsk
for 5100 places
1970, January – commission of communication
backbone, which allowed the citizens of the Eastern Kazakhstan to watch
regularly broadcastings of the central TV from Moscow and Kazakh TV from
1970, 9 August – putting into operation the Bridge over
1970, October – commission of the largest Hotel of the
1970, July – laying the foundation of the spin-weaving
mill of Ust-Kamenogorsk silk cloths plant
1973, 20 January – commission of the Ust-Kamenogorsk
regional House of political education, now the 5th Building of the EKSU
(East Kazakhstan State University).
1973, April – formation of two regions: Ulbinski and
1974, November – formation of specialized XXIII CPSU
sovkhoz for vegetable growing, with central message in New Sogra village.
1975, 7 May – on the Irtysh embankment in Ust-Kamenogorsk
setting up a monument devoted to the East Kazakhstan soldiers, dead during
the World War II.
1975, September – opening of the Ust-Kamenogorsk cultural
and educational school.
1979, December – the third turn of the spin-weaving mill
with 500 looms was commissioned.
1980, May – the decision was made about
the sanctuaries and reserves on the territory of East-Kazakhstan region:
of Kurchumski and Tarbagatayski reserves, Markakolski reserve and “Rahnanov’s
1981, November – publication of the
book of O. Bokeyev “Singing barkhan”.
1982, August –the festival of Modern
Music of Kazakhstan’s composers was held in Ust-Kamenogorsk.
1986 – Putting in operation of the first line at the
1987 – In December during the terrible frost one of the
supporting frames of Ulba Bridge was broken.
1989 – The building of the Regional Printing-House was
1990, 14 June – there was the earthquake
in Zaysan, the force in the focus – 9
1990, 12 September – there was an explosion at beryllium
plant of Ulba Metallurgical Plant in Ust-Kamenogorsk.
1992, January – the icon of the Temple “Christ the Almighty”
was given back the restored Trinity Temple.
1994, January – the East Humanitarian institute was established,
it was the first private institute of higher education in Ust-Kamenogorsk.
1996, January – revival of the Trinity Temple after 70
years of the oblivion.
1997, May – joining of East Kazakhstan and Semipalatinsk
In September – Krasnooktyabrskaya Street renamed in Mukhtar
1998, 25 October – the new bridge over the Irtysh River
was put into operation in the region instead of the former pontoon bridge.
1999 – Kazakhstan Hockey Team, mainly consisting of Ust-Kamenogorsk
players from “Torpedo”, became the champion of the winter Asiatic Games.